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San Antonio Complex Divorce Attorney

When you work with Hoelscher Gebbia Cepeda, PLLC, you will have an experienced San Antonio complex divorce attorney from our firm at your side throughout your divorce. Whether your separation or divorce can be resolved through negotiation or whether it requires extensive investigation and discovery of complex assets, we have the skill, experience, and resources to negotiate a creative solution or take your case to court, even a jury trial. Contact Hoelscher Gebbia Cepeda, PLLC to learn more.

Divorces Involving Division Of High-Value Assets

Divorces involving complex or high-value estates require particular attention and expertise. Most divorces involve the division of a marital estate involving bank accounts, investment accounts, a homestead, and some type of retirement. High-value assets can be overlooked as “personal property,” unless the parties to a divorce specifically tell their attorneys to fight for a particular item. Among the most often overlooked assets are jewelry and fine art.

How to Divide Property in Texas

Texas is a community property state. This means that under Texas law, courts assume anything acquired during a marriage is community property, according to the Inception of Title Rule. Community property is subject to division between the divorcing parties. The division should be “just and right,” but is generally assumed to be just and right if assets are split evenly. There are many exceptions, however. To properly divide a marital estate in Texas, each asset possessed by the divorcing parties must:

  1. Be classified as marital property or non-marital property,
  2. Have a proper valuation established, if it is marital property, then
  3. Be divided, within the context of the entire estate.

Each of these steps can create controversy. For example, if a home is considered separate property because it was owned by one spouse prior to marriage, the other spouse may still be entitled to reimbursement for a portion of any payments made on the house using community income. If the house is refinanced in both spouses’ names, then it could become community property. Unless both spouses are willing to reside in the same house post-divorce, the house could be divided by splitting the proceeds of a sale or by giving the spouse who leaves a disproportionate share of the remaining marital estate. Obviously, many parties to a divorce will not agree about how to handle each step classifying, valuing, and dividing particular assets.

Exceptions to Community Property in Texas

The exceptions to the general rules regarding community property in Texas are what separate good complex divorce lawyers from great complex divorce lawyers. There are too many nuances to dividing community property in Texas to explain here. However, you should be aware of common issues.


Jewelry is unique because it is often presented as a gift or inherited as an heirloom. Gifts, even from a spouse, are generally considered separate (non-marital) property. Inherited items are also separate property. Separate property, of course, is not subject to division in a divorce. The owner will keep it. However, the classification of jewelry can become unclear in certain circumstances. For example, if a wife inherits jewelry that includes a men’s Piaget watch, and her husband begins wearing it regularly, did the wife “gift” the Piaget to the husband? This is now a fact question that will be resolved in court if the parties do not agree.

The parties will need to present evidence to a judge or jury and they will decide if the watch is a gift or not. Another example is a couple that purchases jewelry with an understanding that it is not any person’s particular property. If a husband and wife purchase a charm bracelet with the intention of giving it to a future, unborn child, then who does the bracelet belong to when they divorce before having children? Or, how do we classify a collection of opal jewelry intended as an investment, but selected and worn solely by the wife? In both cases, the charm bracelet, and the opals, are likely marital property and subject to division, even if that requires auctioning them.

Fine Art

Fine Art is a particular challenge in divorce because of the difficulty of establishing a proper valuation. A single Dali or Picasso can outweigh the value of the remaining marital estate. Worse, fluctuations in the art market mean that a prized sculpture may be worth less than either spouse will accept, at the time of divorce. Art is also likely to have an unclear classification. A lawyer may purchase paintings for his office, for example, but end up hanging them at home. At some point, his wife will have an argument that they are marital property. Even if a doctor uses the business income to purchase a painting for his waiting room, if his practice is not properly established as a separate business entity, then the painting may be community property. Similarly, art that is inherited and given to a museum for display “By Mr. and Mrs. Smith” would, arguably, belong to both spouses.

Other Special Assets

Experienced San Antonio complex divorce lawyers handling high-value estates will look for issues that could affect the value of the estate while trying to protect their clients’ property. You should seek advice from a high-value asset or complex divorce attorney if you have these types of property:

Speak with a San Antonio Complex Divorce Attorney Today

Our complex divorce attorneys will work around travel requirements and make house calls. Our service will be tailored to your needs. If you are going through a divorce or are considering filing, contact a San Antonio divorce attorney from our firm to voice your questions and concerns during a confidential consultation. You can reach our San Antonio, Texas, law office by calling (210) 570-9902 or by completing our contact form.